Web Hosting: Definition, Functions, Types and Tips for Choosing

Predictable! Maybe you are planning to build a website, but instead are asked to buy hosting and a domain. Because you are confused about what hosting is, you try Googling “hosting is” or “what is web hosting” and stop by this article. 

Web hosting is something you really need when creating a website. So, you must know the meaning of hosting and its functions. Don’t forget the type of web hosting that is suitable for your website.  

Luckily you’ve visited the right article, really. In this article you will learn about hosting in full. Ready? Come on, see the discussion! 

Definition of Web Hosting

Web Hosting Definition, Functions, Types and Tips for Choosing

Hosting or web hosting is a place to store all website files and data so that many people can access it via the internet. Website files and data can be in the form of videos, images, emails, scripts, applications, and databases. 

Without hosting, of course you can’t make a website. That’s why, you need to rent hosting first to create a website. 

It’s like building a house. If you want to build a big house, the land area has to be bigger, right? Just like a website, if you want to build one with high capacity and performance, you need hosting with large resources. 

Interested in understanding more about hosting? Let’s see how hosting works in the next section!

How Web Hosting Works

Basically web hosting is a process that runs on a web server, which is a physical computer that works 24 hours a day to provide websites on the internet.

Visitors can use a domain name or IP address to open your website in a web browser. The web host server will then send all the files needed so that the website can be loaded in the application.

When buying hosting, you are actually renting space on a web host’s server to store website data. That’s why hosting services need to be renewed once in a while (usually per year).

Indeed, there are several ways to host your own website that don’t require you to buy hosting. However, this method requires advanced technical skills as everything needs to be taken care of by yourself, including the equipment, infrastructure, hardware, software and maintenance.

Now! This is where the job of the web hosting service provider is, which is to help you host the web without having to master advanced technical skills. The website is ensured to continue online optimally with good security protocols.

Usually web hosting companies also provide various packages with their respective features to suit customer needs. Of course the price will vary.

For example, for a simple web or blog, you can buy single hosting. If later the website is growing and the traffic is getting busier, you can upgrade to a hosting package with a larger capacity.

Roughly, the stages of how hosting works are as follows:

  1. The hosting server stores various files needed by the website. For example: images, videos, scripts, website databases, etc.;
  2. Visitors who type in your website domain in a browser (Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, etc.);
  3. The browser asks the hosting server to send website files to the browser;
  4. The server sends the required files to the browser;
  5. Visitors can access your website.

Example of Web Hosting

There are various examples of web hosting at affordable prices and the best quality. Website makers can also choose the available web hosting examples according to their wishes.

Want to know web hosting examples paid for the best quality? Here’s more information.

1. Qwords

Qwords is an example of web hosting available with a variety of packages and premium quality in it. Compared to other web hosting, Qwords is more stable and faster to access because the network reaches speeds of 10 Gbps.

Not only that, the Qwords technical support team and customer service are ready to help us 24 hours a day, 7 days which can be contacted via live chat, call center and support ticket .

2. Siteground

Apart from Qwords, Siteground is also one of the best web hosting that can be used for a website . If Qwords has the advantage of speed, Siteground also has the advantage of uptime which reaches 99%.

This means that Siteground’s web hosting service has a 1% chance of downtime . This condition also proves that Siteground has the best quality.

After knowing the examples of web hosting that is above, here aretips on choosing the best web hostingwhich website makers need to know .

  • Use local web hosting in the country
  • Make sure the web hosting has technical support to accommodate complaints for 24 hours
  • Find out the completeness of the web hosting features provided, including the backup facilities you have
  • Choose a web hosting that has a good reputation on the internet
  • Make sure to choose a web hosting that has no additional costs, so that the web hosting can be fully utilized

Types of Web Hosting

Almost all providers offer a variety of hosting packages that vary according to the features and benefits they include.

In general, the types of web hosting on the market today are:

  • Shared Hosting
  • VPS (Virtual Private Server) Hosting
  • Cloud Hosting
  • WordPress Hosting
  • Dedicated Server Hosting

The many choices of web hosting may be a little confusing for you to determine which one is the best.

Our recommendation, start from the simplest hosting. If website traffic is getting denser, you can upgrade to a higher package. Please check hosting package prices on Hostinger to find out more about the different types of web hosting and their prices.

So, here are some of the most popular types of hosting that hosting companies generally offer:

1. Shared Hosting

Shared hosting is the cheapest and most popular type of hosting. This plan is suitable for simple blogs and websites, especially if you are just starting to build a website.

With shared hosting, you share a server with other clients at the same hosting provider. Websites online on the same server share all the resources, such as memory, computing power, disk space, etc.


  • Cheap and affordable for a simple website
  • Easy for beginners without coding skills
  • The server is immediately ready to use
  • No need for maintenance and administration of the server itself


  • Lack of access to server configuration
  • High traffic on other websites can affect your website

2. VPS Hosting

With VPS hosting, your website actually still uses the same physical server space as other websites. However, there is a separate virtual partition for each user so that websites hosted on VPS will get special resources.

Therefore, VPS is the right choice for those of you who want to create a medium-scale website, online store, and large blog targeting rapid growth in terms of visitor numbers.


  • Dedicated server room
  • Other website traffic does not affect your website
  • Root access to the server
  • Easy to adjust according to needs


  • Need technical skills to manage it
  • Even though the price is quite cheap, you may need to hire a developer to manage the virtual server

3. Cloud Hosting

Cloud hosting uses multiple virtual servers to host websites. So if one of the servers is down, another server will replace it so that your website’s performance remains optimal.

Because it uses multiple web servers, cloud hosting is the right choice for businesses that have many websites and large-scale websites such as online stores. This service is able to accommodate high traffic spikes with almost no down-time.


  • Minimal down-time and virtually no hardware damage
  • Use load balancing features to handle high traffic and prevent DDoS attacks
  • Easily adapted to needs because the resource is bigger


  • Root access is not always available
  • More expensive than VPS vs shared hosting

4. WordPress Hosting

WordPress hosting is a type of CMS hosting whose server is optimized for WordPress so that it loads faster and has fewer problems. However, you can still use other types of web hosting for websites built on this CMS .

Usually WordPress hosting packages include additional WordPress-related features, such as ready-to-use WordPress themes, important cache and security plugins, drag-and-drop page builder, and developer tools.


  • Cheap and easy for beginners
  • Optimum performance for WordPress websites
  • Dedicated customer support team who really understand WordPress
  • Ready-to-use plugins and themes


  • Not suitable for websites that are not made with WordPress

5. Dedicated Hosting

Dedicated hosting provides a physical server that is truly dedicated to each website. This type of hosting allows you to configure your own server, choose the OS and software you want, and manage the entire hosting area according to your specifications.

Using dedicated hosting is actually the same as building a private server, but you will have the added advantage of professional support from a web host company. So, dedicated web hosting is perfect for large online businesses with super heavy traffic.


  • Full control of server configuration
  • Performance is absolutely optimal
  • Root access to the server


  • Expensive, more suitable for large businesses and enterprises
  • Must master technical skills related to server management

Tips for Choosing the Best Hosting for Websites

As your website gets bigger, you may also need more storage space, bandwidth and other resources. In this case you can upgrade to a more sophisticated package such as cloud hosting or VPS.

Make sure your hosting provider provides various types of services so that later you can easily upgrade at any time.

Below, we have some tips on choosing the best hosting that you can follow to determine which provider is the best. Check it out!

Control Panel

The hosting control panel is an area for managing hosting accounts without having to log into the web server. We recommend that you choose a web host that provides a control panel with an easy UI even for beginners.

Hostinger has an easy-to-use hPanel that lets you manage files, create full website backups, and install website applications quickly and efficiently.

Guaranteed Uptime

A web server that is not managed properly or is unstable will result in frequent and unexpected downtime. Of course this can have a serious impact on your business and the trust of your customers.

Make sure the provider you choose has guaranteed uptime. Apart from that, also check whether the terms of service are fair enough for you as a user because this reflects the company’s commitment to maintaining and operating the system.

Technical specifications

Sufficient disk space, processing power and bandwidth on the hosting service are the minimum features that you as a customer must get. Therefore, try to find other features that can support your website so that it continues online without problems.

At Hostinger, our servers run on CloudLinux and we use LiteSpeed ​​technology to guarantee the loading speed of your website.

Online Reviews

Check out hosting review websites that provide detailed information on various hosting providers. Usually online reviews discuss things like uptime and speed so you can know how the provider to choose is performing.


Make sure your prospective hosting provider implements advanced security measures to help protect your website from malware or DDoS attacks.

These steps include access management, malware detection, automatic backups, and updates.

24/7 Customer Support

Customer support or technical support that is always available 24 hours will be very helpful when your website experiences problems, such as slow loading, crashes, or unexpected security problems.

Check if your web host also provides supporting resources such as tutorials and knowledge base articles.

Additional Services

A good hosting package will definitely provide benefits that are commensurate or even more than the nominal money you spend, especially if there are free add-ons and features such as free SSLemail hosting services, or CDN .

Difference between Web Hosting and Domain Names

After understanding what hosting is and the types, you probably already know which package to choose. Apart from hosting, you also need a domain name to get your website online. If you don’t know the difference between hosting and domain, we will explain it.

Web hosting is space on the server for storing your website data and files, while the domain is a website address that makes it easy for other people to find and visit it from a browser.

A domain usually consists of a website name and an extension (TLD) such as .com.org, or .net . There are quite a number of TLDs available today, and one of the newest is .xyz .

You can buy both domain and hosting from the same provider or get them separately. A number of hosting companies, including Hostinger, can also register a domain for you.

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